Speech pathology is a very broad field of medical research that applies advanced sciences like biology, psychology, behaviorism and physiology to the examination of language and speech disorders. Speech pathologists normally evaluate these patients on the basis of their emotional state, which may be affected by language disorders or physical disorder. As per their clinical skills, the speech therapist expert uses a number of diagnostic instruments to examine the patient for disorders like dyslexia, dyspraxia, stuttering, dysarthria, and many others. It is also important to note that speech pathologist plays an important role in providing sound advice and practical help to patients suffering from speech or language disorders.
Speech pathologists can be grouped into two groups: professional and nonprofessional. Professionals in this field are those who work under the guidance of an expert in the field. They have the requisite training in this field and the required clinical and educational qualifications to become speech pathologist. On the other hand, nonprofessional speech pathologist work under the supervision of a speech pathologist.
The term speech therapy specialist comes from the fact that these specialists are required to deal with patients suffering from the speech and language disorders like dyslexia. The professionals can also evaluate those patients suffering from mental illnesses such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. In a few cases, they are even responsible for recommending medications to these patients. It has been found out that some of them may even perform brain scans. Some of them may even provide special exercises to patients suffering from speech or language disorders.
There are speech therapy experts like a pediatric speech pathologist who specialize in providing individual therapy services to patients suffering from the speech or language disorder. These speech therapy experts are required to treat these patients individually, using different treatment methods. Their treatment approach varies based upon the patient’s history, physical and psychological status, and medical history. There are also some speech therapy specialists who may use various special techniques like biofeedback to treat patients suffering from speech or language disorders.
As compared to other health professionals, the speech therapy expert is not licensed by the state. However, there are certain medical conditions that can enable them to legally undertake specialized medical care. For instance, the doctor can refer the speech therapy expert to the Department of Education or the State Board of Physical Therapy for assistance in his or her case.
Most speech therapy experts prefer working in private offices, clinics, hospitals or rehabilitation centers, as it gives them freedom to work on their own schedule, without having to face much social stress. Other than this, there are some people who work for the government agencies.